An evaluation of IASI-NH3 with ground-based Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy measurements

Abstract : Global distributions of atmospheric ammonia (NH3) measured with satellite instruments such as the Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) contain valuable information on NH3 concentrations and variability in regions not yet covered by ground based instruments. Due to their large spatial coverage and daily observations, the satellite observations have the potential to increase our knowledge of the distribution of NH3 emissions, and associated seasonal cycles. However the observations remain poorly validated, with only a handful of available studies often using only surface observations without any vertical information. In this study, we present the first validation of the IASI-NH3 product using ground-based Fourier Transform InfraRed (FTIR) observations. Using a recently developed consistent retrieval strategy, NH3 concentration profiles have been retrieved using observations from nine Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC) stations around the world between 2008–2015. We demonstrate the importance of strict spatio-temporal collocation criteria for the comparison. Large differences in the regression results are observed for changing intervals of spatial criteria, mostly due to terrain characteristics and the short lifetime of NH3 in the atmosphere. The seasonal variations of both datasets are consistent for most sites. Correlations are found to be high at sites in areas with considerable NH3 levels, whereas correlations are lower at sites with low atmospheric NH3 levels close to the detection limit of the IASI instrument. A combination of the observations from all sites (Nobs = 547) give a MRD of −32.4 ± (56.3) %, a correlation r of 0.8 with a slope of 0.73. These results indicate that the IASI-NH3 product performs better than previous upper bound estimates (-50% – +100 %).
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Enrico Dammers, Mathias Palm, Martin van Damme, Corinne Vigouroux, Dan Smale, et al.. An evaluation of IASI-NH3 with ground-based Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy measurements. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, European Geosciences Union, 2016, 16 (16), pp.10351-10368. ⟨10.5194/acp-2016-141⟩. ⟨insu-01288958⟩

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