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Characterization of biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) and their OH reactivity in various agro-ecosystems

Abstract : The hydroxyl radical OH is the most powerful oxidant in the troposphere, however, characterizing its sinks remains a challenge. One important OH sink, is the oxidation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), mainly released from biogenic sources, on the global scale. VOCs include a wide variety of chemical species with different lifetimes towards OH. Measuring OH reactivity is a useful tool to evaluate the loading in reactive species and to estimate the amplitude of unmeasured/unidentified compounds. In this context, this PhD work aimed to build and optimize a CRM or Comparative Reactivity method instrument for OH reactivity measurements. Afterwards, the CRM was deployed in a forest and an agricultural ecosystem. OH reactivity in a maritime pine forest showed maxima during night, reaching 99 s-1 inside the canopy, among the highest in forest environments. Relatively lower levels (max 20-30 s-1 at mid-day), were recorded from a dynamic chamber, during the blooming season of a rapeseed field. In these ecosystems, a difference was obtained between measured and calculated OH reactivity from measured compounds. It highlights the presence of a missing fraction of unmeasured primary and secondary compounds. These experiments demonstrate the importance of a detailed information on monoterpenes chemical speciation. In this perspective, a FastGC/PTR-MS system was optimized and deployed in a green oak forest. It allowed to monitor, with a fine time resolution, diurnal cyles of the main monoterpenes, which emissions are dependent on the tree type and on solar radiation.
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Sandy Bsaibes. Characterization of biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) and their OH reactivity in various agro-ecosystems. Global Changes. Université Paris-Saclay, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLV093⟩. ⟨tel-02614381⟩

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