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De l’exosphère à la magnétosphère des objets planétaires faiblement magnétisés : optimisation de modélisations parallélisées pour une application à Ganymède

Abstract : Jupiter’s moon Ganymede is the biggest and most massive satellite of our solar system. Thisobject has been observed from the Earth, with the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), and through in situ measurements by Galileo spacecraft. Thanks to these observations, a very tenuous atmosphere, or exosphere, has been detected at Ganymede. It is mainly composed of atomic hydrogen, atomic oxygen, and molecular oxygen. Ganymede is the only moon of the solar system to have its own intrinsic magnetic field, which generates a minimagnetosphere interacting with the magnetospheric jovian plasma. This magnetosphere is embedded in the jovian magnetosphere. It is the only known case of interaction between two magnetospheres. Galileo is the only mission that has investigated the complex ionized environment of Ganymede. The next space mission dedicated to investigate the Jovian magnetosphere and its galilean satellite is an European mission from ESA : JUICE (Jupiter ICy moons Explorer). In the frame of this mission, and to prepare future observations at Ganymede, my thesis work has consisted in modeling the global neutral and ionized environment of Ganymede. The first part of my thesis work has been dedicated to the study of Ganymede’s exosphere with a 3D Monte-Carlo model. I have parallelized this model to improve its performance and to enrich the physics described by the model. Results have been compared to those of other models, and to HST and Galileo observations. The ionized environment, in particular the magnetosphere of Ganymede, has then been studied with a 3D parallel hybrid model,considering the observation conditions of Galileo. Results are globally consistent with the observations and with other models, but show the necessity to significantly improve the spatial resolution. Therefore, a significant part of my work has been dedicated to the development of a multi-grid approach in the hybrid model, to divide by 2 the spatial resolution at the vicinity of Ganymede. Finally, results obtained with the optimized model are compared to Galileo observations.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01256191, version 2

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Ludivine Leclercq. De l’exosphère à la magnétosphère des objets planétaires faiblement magnétisés : optimisation de modélisations parallélisées pour une application à Ganymède. Astrophysique [astro-ph]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015SACLV017⟩. ⟨tel-01256191v2⟩

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