Impact de la variabilité solaire sur l’ozone de la moyenne atmosphère

Abstract : A large part of the natural variability of the atmosphere and climate is related to solar variability. One of the forcing mechanisms of solar variability is based on perturbations of the middle atmosphere (stratosphere, mesosphere), particularly through ozone variations (photochemical processes), that then propagate through the troposphere to the surface. The thesis focuses on the first stage of this forcing mechanism, i.e. perturbations of ozone associated with solar variability and more specifically at the 27-day solar rotational time scales. The relationship between ozone and solar variability is studied not only using several time series of satellite data (MLS and GOMOS) but also results of a chemistry-climate model (LMDz-Reprobus) over analysis windows varying from 1 to 15 years. The mean ozone sensitivity to the 27-day solar cycle (% of ozone variation for 1% change in solar forcing) is characterized by positive values from 10 to 1 hPa with a maximum of 0.4 at 3 hPa. This sensitivity varies strongly depending on the size of the analysis window indicating that the solar signal can be masked by the dynamical variability, even during periods of strong solar activity. The dispersion of the results is found to be anti-correlated with the amplitude of the solar rotational fluctuations that are related to the phase of the 11-year solar cycle. In the mesosphere, ozone is found to be anti-correlated with solar variability with a maximum around 80 km. This corresponds exactly to the altitude of the maximum in the solar-induced enhancement of OH, the dominant radical in the destruction of mesospheric ozone.
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Sébastien Bossay. Impact de la variabilité solaire sur l’ozone de la moyenne atmosphère. Climatologie. Université de Versailles-Saint Quentin en Yvelines, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015VERS002V⟩. ⟨tel-01139519v2⟩

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