Controls on fracture openness and reactivation in Forsmark, Sweden - INSU - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers Access content directly
Journal Articles (Review Article) Scientific Reports Year : 2023

Controls on fracture openness and reactivation in Forsmark, Sweden

Diane Doolaeghe
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Caroline Darcel
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Jan-Olof Selroos
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Philippe Davy


In crystalline bedrock, the open fraction of the fracture network constitutes the main pathways for fluids. Many observations point out that the state of stress influences the open fraction, likely indicating recent reactivation. But how this occurs is still unresolved. We analyse the conditions for fracture reactivation from fracture data collected in the uppermost 1 km of bedrock in Forsmark, Sweden. The open fraction is mainly correlated to the stress acting normally on the fracture but even away from critical failure, leading us to analyse the potential fluid pressure required for reactivation, P c. We observe that 100% of the fractures are open when P c is hydrostatic, and the ratio decreases exponentially to a plateau of ~ 17% when P c is lithostatic and above. Exceptions are the oldest fractures, having a low open fraction independent of P c. We suggest that these results reflect past pressure build-ups, potentially related to recent glaciations, and developing only if the preexisting open fraction is large enough.
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Dates and versions

insu-04083362 , version 1 (27-04-2023)





Diane Doolaeghe, Caroline Darcel, Jan-Olof Selroos, Diego Mas Ivars, Philippe Davy. Controls on fracture openness and reactivation in Forsmark, Sweden. Scientific Reports, 2023, 13 (1), pp.6686. ⟨10.1038/s41598-023-33619-9⟩. ⟨insu-04083362⟩
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