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Journal Articles IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing Year : 2022

Performances of the Passive SAR Imaging of Jupiter’s Icy Moons

Abstract

With the development of the JUpiter ICy moons Explorer (JUICE)/Radar for Icy Moons Exploration (RIME) [European Space Agency (ESA)] and Europa Clipper/Radar for Europa Assessment and Sounding: Ocean to Near-surface (REASON) [National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)] instruments, designed to study the subsurface of the Galilean moons, interest has been growing to study the performances of sounding radar orbiting these bodies. In the presence of strong Jupiter's radio emissions, probing in a passive mode using these emissions as the emitter is considered. However, radar performances in this bistatic mode are dependent on the entire geometry of observation: the position of the source of emission, the spacecraft trajectory, and on the region probed. The 3-D Simulations are necessary to estimate the performances of these measurements. We analyze the influence of the geometry of observation by approximating Jovian radio bursts as radio impulses, simulating the signal scattered by a point target in a realistic 3-D geometry and computing the resolution. This allows a preliminary identification of scenarios of observation best suited for this radar mode. The influence of the correct localization of Jupiter's emissions on the synthetic aperture radar (SAR) image is investigated as well, and interest in recovering the true position of Jupiter's source is highlighted.
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Dates and versions

insu-04042429 , version 1 (23-03-2023)

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Oriane Gassot, Alain Herique, Wlodek Kofman, Baptiste Cecconi, Olivier Witasse. Performances of the Passive SAR Imaging of Jupiter’s Icy Moons. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 2022, 60, pp.1-13. ⟨10.1109/TGRS.2022.3172633⟩. ⟨insu-04042429⟩
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