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Journal Articles (Review Article) Journal of Geophysical Research Space Physics Year : 2023

Magnetic fields and plasma motions in a hybrid Martian magnetosphere


The Martian magnetosphere contains elements of induced and intrinsic origin. To display them one must use different coordinate systems. Although the solar-electric coordinate system (MSE) adequately describes the main features of the induced magnetosphere, it removes/suppresses aspects caused by the crustal magnetic sources while rotating the spacecraft position to the MSE-coordinate system and averaging over many orbits. On the other hand, to observe effects of the crustal field one should use the solar orbital coordinates (MSO). To find a compromise and keeping in mind that the most probable value of the clock angle of the IMF on the Mars orbit is ∼90o we can consider separately cases with positive and negative By components of the IMF. It is shown that dynamics of ion fluxes in the distant regions of the magnetosphere is mainly controlled by induced features. However, reconnection of the draping IMF with crustal field leads to a twisting of the classical draping configuration. Despite of the very intricate local geometry of the crustal field, the low-order harmonics of the magnetic field and mainly the dipole component determine the reconnection sites, at least, statistically for many Mars rotations. For different signs of the By component of the IMF these sites occur either in the +Y-MSO or -Y-MSO hemispheres. As a result, statistically the magnetosphere of Mars looks like a hybrid magnetosphere formed during the solar wind interaction with the obstacle which simultaneously contains an extended ionosphere and a weak dipole magnetic field.
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insu-03912959 , version 1 (21-01-2023)


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E. Dubinin, M. Fraenz, M. Pätzold, S. Tellmann, Ronan Modolo, et al.. Magnetic fields and plasma motions in a hybrid Martian magnetosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research Space Physics, 2023, 128 (1), pp.e2022JA030575. ⟨10.1029/2022JA030575⟩. ⟨insu-03912959⟩
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