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Determination of Parameters Characteristic of Dynamic Weakening Mechanisms During Seismic Faulting in Cohesive Rocks

Abstract : While sliding at seismic slip-rates of ∼1 m/s, natural faults undergo an abrupt decrease of shear stress called dynamic weakening. Asperity-scale (<neff = 5-40 MPa), target slip-rate (Vt = 0.1-6.5 m/s) and fluid pressure (Pf = 0-15 MPa). To account for the uncertainties of constitutive parameters, we introduce a norm-based optimization procedure on a set of model parameters by comparing the shear stress evolution inferred from the proposed weakening models with the shear stress measured during the experiments. We analyze the fit to experimental data of each weakening model and we discuss a composite model in which two weakening mechanisms (namely flash heating and bulk melting, flash heating and dislocation/diffusion creep) are used to test the hypothesis that they match the shear stress evolution in different slip ranges. We found that for slip smaller than a slip-switch distance δ0, the weakening is better described by mechanisms occurring at the asperity scale whereas for larger slip values the bulk model performs better. The inferred δ0 values decrease with normal stress suggesting that during earthquakes bulk mechanisms can govern shear stress evolution after a few centimeters of slip.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03869596
Contributor : Nathalie POTHIER Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, November 24, 2022 - 1:32:20 PM
Last modification on : Friday, November 25, 2022 - 3:37:32 AM

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JGR Solid Earth - 2022 - Corne...
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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

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C. Cornelio, E. Spagnuolo, S. Aretusini, S. Nielsen, F. Passelègue, et al.. Determination of Parameters Characteristic of Dynamic Weakening Mechanisms During Seismic Faulting in Cohesive Rocks. Journal of Geophysical Research : Solid Earth, 2022, 127, ⟨10.1029/2022JB024356⟩. ⟨insu-03869596⟩

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