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Journal Articles Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences Year : 2022

Origin of the Warm Arctic-Cold North American Pattern on the Intraseasonal Time Scale

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Abstract

The warm Arctic-cold continent pattern (WACC) of near-surface air temperature variability has often been associated with the connection between Arctic sea ice reduction and cold weather over the midlatitude continents. Whether the existence of this pattern is due to variability of sea ice or is caused by atmospheric internal dynamics is subject to debate. Based on a long integration of a primitive equation atmospheric model (SGCM), this study examines the origin of the warm Arctic-cold North American pattern (WACNA), which is characterized by a pair of opposite surface air temperature anomalies over the high-latitude Chukchi-Bering Sea region and the North American continent, in boreal winter on the intraseasonal time scale. The model atmosphere is maintained by a time-independent forcing, so that atmospheric internal dynamics is the only source of variability. It is found that the SGCM model simulates well the behavior of the observed WACNA pattern. The WACNA pattern develops by interacting with the time-mean flow and synoptic-scale transient eddies. Two pathways of Rossby wave propagation are associated with WACNA. The northern pathway originates from eastern Siberia moving eastward across the Bering Strait to Canada, and the southern pathway is rooted in the subtropical waveguide propagating across the eastern North Pacific. Our simulation of this pattern implies that tropospheric dynamics alone can generate the WACNA, and the predictability associated with this pattern is likely limited by its internal dynamics nature.
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insu-03867904 , version 1 (23-11-2022)

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Hai Lin, Bin Yu, Nicholas M. J. Hall. Origin of the Warm Arctic-Cold North American Pattern on the Intraseasonal Time Scale. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 2022, 79, pp.2571-2583. ⟨10.1175/JAS-D-22-0013.1⟩. ⟨insu-03867904⟩
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