Spatiotemporal Evolution of the Seismicity in the Alto Tiberina Fault System Revealed by a High-Resolution Template Matching Catalog - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Geophysical Research : Solid Earth Year : 2022

Spatiotemporal Evolution of the Seismicity in the Alto Tiberina Fault System Revealed by a High-Resolution Template Matching Catalog

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Abstract

The Alto Tiberina Fault system, located in the Northern Apennines (Italy), consists of a low angle normal fault (LANF) which radiates micro-seismicity that can be explained by continuous creep. On top of the LANF, a network of syn- and antithetic high angle faults frequently hosts seismic swarms, one of which has been associated with a transient aseismic deformation signal. To study in detail the seismicity and its relationships with aseismic deformation processes occurring in this fault system, we apply template matching on seismic data recorded at an array of borehole stations, to derive a high-resolution earthquake catalog. Thanks to the additionally detected events, we are able to reveal time periods of increased spatial- and temporal clustering during an aseismic deformation event. This reflects the complex evolution of aseismic slip together with the complexity of the shallow fault system. Along the LANF, we observe a bimodal type of seismicity, with diffuse seismicity active continuously, and short-lived bursts of seismicity that could indicate rapid fluid releases. We additionally identify repeating earthquakes. These events not necessarily match a simple creep model and therefore open the possibility for new models to explain the seismicity along the LANF.
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Dates and versions

insu-03861044 , version 1 (19-11-2022)

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David Essing, Piero Poli. Spatiotemporal Evolution of the Seismicity in the Alto Tiberina Fault System Revealed by a High-Resolution Template Matching Catalog. Journal of Geophysical Research : Solid Earth, 2022, 127, ⟨10.1029/2022JB024845⟩. ⟨insu-03861044⟩
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