Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
New interface
Journal articles

Rupture properties of the 2020 Mw 6.8 Calama (northern Chile) intraslab earthquake. Comparison with similar intraslab events in the region

Abstract : We study the 2020 ${{\rm{M}}_{\rm{W}}}$ 6.8 Calama earthquake sequence that occurred within the subducting oceanic Nazca plate. The mainshock is modeled via waveform inversion using a dynamic rupture model, while detection and location techniques are used to better characterize its aftershock sequence. We analyze the local seismotectonic and thermal context of the subducting Nazca plate to understand the trigger mechanism of this earthquake and how it compares with other significant earthquakes in the vicinity. The stress drop and the related dynamic rupture parameters of the Calama mainshock are similar to those of the nearby 2007 ${{\rm{M}}_{\rm{W}}}$ 6.8 Michilla and 2015 ${{\rm{M}}_{\rm{W}}}$ 6.7 Jujuy intraslab earthquakes, which occurred to the west (trenchwards) and to the east (under the back-arc) of the Calama earthquake, respectively. The sequences of these three events were located using a 3-D tomographic velocity model. While the Michilla earthquake sequence occurred within the oceanic crust at temperatures of ~250°C, the Calama sequence occurred within the upper lithospheric mantle at ~350°C and exhibited a smaller aftershock productivity than Michilla. Additionally, the 3-D tomographic model shows intermediate ${{\rm{V}}_{\rm{P}}}/{{\rm{V}}_{\rm{S}}}$ ratios (1.72-1.76) in the region of the Calama earthquake. This indicates a less hydrated environment that could be responsible for the smaller aftershock productivity of the Calama earthquake.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03861042
Contributor : Nathalie POTHIER Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Saturday, November 19, 2022 - 9:14:54 AM
Last modification on : Monday, November 21, 2022 - 3:49:07 AM

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Carlos Herrera, Francisco Pastén-Araya, Leoncio Cabrera, Bertrand Potin, Efraín Rivera, et al.. Rupture properties of the 2020 Mw 6.8 Calama (northern Chile) intraslab earthquake. Comparison with similar intraslab events in the region. Geophysical Journal International, 2022, ⟨10.1093/gji/ggac434⟩. ⟨insu-03861042⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

0