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Laboratory Experiments Confirm the Polarization of Auroral Emissions

Abstract : A series of experiments have shown recently that several auroral lines are polarized, when observed from the ground. However, this polarization may be caused by indirect light sources (from the ground or the sky) scattered in the lower atmosphere by Rayleigh and Lorenz-Mie scattering, or during the crossing of the ionospheric current sheets. Here, we present polarization measurements of the N2+ N2+ blue (427.8 nm) and purple (391.4 nm) emissions in a laboratory confined setting that excludes any light pollution or scattering. We show that both lines are polarized, at a level comparable to that of the natural auroral observations. Our results furthermore show that the Degree of Linear Polarization depends on the magnetic conditions. This set of experiments confirms in a controlled environment the polarization of auroral emissions and constitutes a strong evidence in favor of auroral emission already polarized in the upper atmosphere.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03860327
Contributor : Nathalie POTHIER Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, November 18, 2022 - 4:39:43 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 22, 2022 - 3:05:53 AM

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Slava Bourgeois, Léo. Bosse, Jean Lilensten, Nicolas Gillet, Stéphane Curaba, et al.. Laboratory Experiments Confirm the Polarization of Auroral Emissions. Geophysical Research Letters, 2022, 49, ⟨10.1029/2022GL098707⟩. ⟨insu-03860327⟩

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