The morphology of CS Cha circumbinary disk suggesting the existence of a Saturn-mass planet - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A Year : 2022

The morphology of CS Cha circumbinary disk suggesting the existence of a Saturn-mass planet

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N. T. Kurtovic
  • Function : Author
P. Pinilla
  • Function : Author
Anna B. T. Penzlin
  • Function : Author
L. Pérez
  • Function : Author
C. Ginski
  • Function : Author
A. Isella
  • Function : Author
W. Kley
  • Function : Author
S. Pérez
  • Function : Author
A. Bayo
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Context. Planets have been detected in circumbinary orbits in several different systems, despite the additional challenges faced during their formation in such an environment.
Aims: We investigate the possibility of planetary formation in the spectroscopic binary CS Cha by analyzing its circumbinary disk.
Methods: The system was studied with high angular resolution ALMA observations at 0.87 mm. Visibilities modeling and Keplerian fitting are used to constrain the physical properties of CS Cha, and the observations were compared to hydrodynamic simulations.
Results: Our observations are able to resolve the disk cavity in the dust continuum emission and the 12CO J:3-2 transition. We find the dust continuum disk to be azimuthally axisymmetric (less than 9% of intensity variation along the ring) and of low eccentricity (of 0.039 at the peak brightness of the ring).
Conclusions: Under certain conditions, low eccentricities can be achieved in simulated disks without the need of a planet, however, the combination of low eccentricity and axisymmetry is consistent with the presence of a Saturn-like planet orbiting near the edge of the cavity.
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Dates and versions

insu-03860317 , version 1 (18-11-2022)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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N. T. Kurtovic, P. Pinilla, Anna B. T. Penzlin, M. Benisty, L. Pérez, et al.. The morphology of CS Cha circumbinary disk suggesting the existence of a Saturn-mass planet. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, 2022, 664, ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/202243505⟩. ⟨insu-03860317⟩
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