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Journal Articles The Astrophysical journal letters Year : 2022

ALMA Detection of Dust Trapping around Lagrangian Points in the LkCa 15 Disk

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Feng Long
  • Function : Author
Sean M. Andrews
  • Function : Author
Shangjia Zhang
  • Function : Author
Chunhua Qi
  • Function : Author
Stefano Facchini
  • Function : Author
Andrea Isella
  • Function : Author
David J. Wilner
  • Function : Author
Jaehan Bae
  • Function : Author
Jane Huang
  • Function : Author
Ryan A. Loomis
  • Function : Author
Karin I. Öberg
  • Function : Author
Zhaohuan Zhu
  • Function : Author

Abstract

We present deep high-resolution (~50 mas, 8 au) Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) 0.88 and 1.3 mm continuum observations of the LkCa 15 disk. The emission morphology shows an inner cavity and three dust rings at both wavelengths, but with slightly narrower rings at the longer wavelength. Along a faint ring at 42 au, we identify two excess emission features at ~10σ significance at both wavelengths: one as an unresolved clump and the other as an extended arc, separated by roughly 120° in azimuth. The clump is unlikely to be a circumplanetary disk (CPD) as the emission peak shifts between the two wavelengths even after accounting for orbital motion. Instead, the morphology of the 42 au ring strongly resembles the characteristic horseshoe orbit produced in planet-disk interaction models, where the clump and the arc trace dust accumulation around Lagrangian points L 4 and L 5, respectively. The shape of the 42 au ring, dust trapping in the outer adjacent ring, and the coincidence of the horseshoe ring location with a gap in near-IR scattered light, are all consistent with the scenario of planet sculpting, with the planet likely having a mass between those of Neptune and Saturn. We do not detect pointlike emission associated with a CPD around the putative planet location (0.″27 in projected separation from the central star at a position angle of ~60°), with upper limits of 70 and 33 μJy at 0.88 and 1.3 mm, respectively, corresponding to dust mass upper limits of 0.02-0.03 M .
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Dates and versions

insu-03860296 , version 1 (19-11-2022)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

Identifiers

Cite

Feng Long, Sean M. Andrews, Shangjia Zhang, Chunhua Qi, Myriam Benisty, et al.. ALMA Detection of Dust Trapping around Lagrangian Points in the LkCa 15 Disk. The Astrophysical journal letters, 2022, 937, ⟨10.3847/2041-8213/ac8b10⟩. ⟨insu-03860296⟩
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