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Chemo-kinematics of the Milky Way spiral arms and bar resonances: Connection to ridges and moving groups in the solar vicinity

Abstract : Making use of a new high-resolution spiral galaxy simulation as well as Gaia DR2 and EDR3 data complemented by chemical abundances from the Galah DR3, APOGEE DR16, and LAMOST DR5 surveys, we explore the possible link between the Milky Way (MW) spiral arms, (R, vϕ) ridges, and moving groups in local vR-vϕ space. We show that the tightly wound main spiral arms in the N-body simulation can be successfully identified using overdensities in angular momentum (AM) or guiding space and also in the distribution of dynamically cold stars close to their guiding centres. Stars in the AM overdensities that travel over many kiloparsec in radius trace extended density ridges in (R, vϕ) space and overdensities in the vR-vϕ plane of a solar neighbourhood (SNd)-like region, similar to those observed in the Gaia data. Similarly, the AM space of the MW contains several overdensities that correlate with a wave-like radial velocity pattern; this pattern is also reproduced by stars well beyond the SNd. We find that the fraction of Gaia stars located near their guiding centres shows three large-scale structures that approximately coincide with the MW spiral arms traced by distributions of maser sources in the Sagittarius, Local, and Perseus arms. This approach does not work for the Scutum arm near the end of the bar. Similar to the simulation, the stars in the AM overdensities follow the main (R, vϕ) density ridges with nearly constant angular momentum. When these ridges cross the SNd, they can be matched with the main vR-vϕ features. Thus we suggest that the Hat is the inner tail of the Perseus arm, one of the Hercules components is the Sagittarius arm, and the Arcturus stream is likely to be the outermost tail of the Scutum-Centaurus arm. Based on previous work, the bar corotation is suggested to coincide with the second, vϕ ≈ −55 km s−1 Hercules stream ridge, and the OLR with the Sirius stream. The latter is supported by a sharp decrease in mean metallicity beyond the Sirius stream, which is an expected behaviour of the OLR, limiting migration of the metal-rich stars from the inner MW. In various phase-space coordinates, the AM overdensity stars have a mean metallicity that is systematically higher by about 0.05 dex than the metallicity of the surrounding stars. This is a predicted behaviour of the spiral arms. We show that the wave-like metallicity pattern can be traced at least up to |z|≈1 kpc. It is linked to radial velocity variations seen even farther (|z|≈2 kpc) from the Galactic mid-plane.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 11, 2022 - 5:44:07 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, November 12, 2022 - 3:45:07 AM


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Sergey Khoperskov, Ortwin Gerhard. Chemo-kinematics of the Milky Way spiral arms and bar resonances: Connection to ridges and moving groups in the solar vicinity. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, 2022, 663, ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/202141836⟩. ⟨insu-03849382⟩



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