Characterization of Saharan and Sahelian dust sources based on geochemical and radiogenic isotope signatures - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Quaternary Science Reviews Year : 2022

Characterization of Saharan and Sahelian dust sources based on geochemical and radiogenic isotope signatures

(1) , , , , , , ,
1
S. P. Singh
  • Function : Author
S. J. G. Galer
  • Function : Author
W. Abouchami
  • Function : Author
R. Bhattacharyya
  • Function : Author
K. Kandler
  • Function : Author
C. Bristow
  • Function : Author
M. O. Andreae
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Mineral dust can significantly impact climate and biogeochemical cycles on Earth. To understand dust provenance, an accurate characterization of dust sources and emission regions is required. In this study, we combine rare-earth element patterns, elemental ratios, and radiogenic Sr-Nd-Pb isotopes to discriminate dust sources from key regions in North Africa responsible for ∼55% of the total dust load emitted annually on Earth. This new dataset, based on fifty-nine analyses of deflatable fine soil material, improves our current knowledge about North African dust sources, especially those underrepresented in Saharan-Sahelian regions. Six potential source areas (PSA) - Libya-Algeria-Mali (PSALAM), Libya-Egypt (PSALE), Bodélé Depression (PSABD), Mali Center (PSAMC), West African Coast (PSAWAC) and Mauritania (PSAMa) - are defined based on several lithogenic tracers as well as on the geological subdivision of North African geological provinces, providing a unique chemical and isotope fingerprint for each PSA. For example, the PSABD - the main dust activation area in North Africa - is clearly distinguished from western African sources using Pb isotopes. Major elements show a large variability within each PSA and are not alone diagnostically useful. Comparison of the newly defined PSA with aerosols collected in remote locations over the North Atlantic shows that their sources are predominantly from western African regions (PSALAM and PSAWAC). Bodélé-derived dust has a limited impact on the bulk dust transported over the tropical North Atlantic, regardless of the season and altitude of dust transport. The low impact of the Bodélé Depression can be explained by a high deposition rate (wet and dry) of aerosols along its southwestward trajectory. A detailed analysis of dust collected over South America during winter will be essential to confirm this observation at a global scale. The present dataset can be efficiently used to track modern dust emissions as well as their changes at the scale of glacial/interglacial cycles or during the development of African Humid Periods as stored in sedimentary archives.

Dates and versions

insu-03846929 , version 1 (10-11-2022)

Identifiers

Cite

D. Guinoiseau, S. P. Singh, S. J. G. Galer, W. Abouchami, R. Bhattacharyya, et al.. Characterization of Saharan and Sahelian dust sources based on geochemical and radiogenic isotope signatures. Quaternary Science Reviews, 2022, 293, ⟨10.1016/j.quascirev.2022.107729⟩. ⟨insu-03846929⟩
0 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More