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Large-magnitude (VEI ≥ 7) `wet' explosive silicic eruption preserved a Lower Miocene habitat at the Ipolytarnóc Fossil Site, North Hungary

Abstract : During Earth's history, geosphere-biosphere interactions were often determined by momentary, catastrophic changes such as large explosive volcanic eruptions. The Miocene ignimbrite flare-up in the Pannonian Basin, which is located along a complex convergent plate boundary between Europe and Africa, provides a superb example of this interaction. In North Hungary, the famous Ipolytarnóc Fossil Site, often referred to as "ancient Pompeii", records a snapshot of rich Early Miocene life buried under thick ignimbrite cover. Here, we use a multi-technique approach to constrain the successive phases of a catastrophic silicic eruption (VEI ≥ 7) dated at 17.2 Ma. An event-scale reconstruction shows that the initial PDC phase was phreatomagmatic, affecting ≥ 1500 km2 and causing the destruction of an interfingering terrestrial-intertidal environment at Ipolytarnóc. This was followed by pumice fall, and finally the emplacement of up to 40 m-thick ignimbrite that completely buried the site. However, unlike the seemingly similar AD 79 Vesuvius eruption that buried Pompeii by hot pyroclastic density currents, the presence of fallen but uncharred tree trunks, branches, and intact leaves in the basal pyroclastic deposits at Ipolytarnóc as well as rock paleomagnetic properties indicate a low-temperature pyroclastic event, that superbly preserved the coastal habitat, including unique fossil tracks.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03825084
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Submitted on : Friday, October 21, 2022 - 8:54:12 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, October 23, 2022 - 3:26:03 AM

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Dávid Karátson, Tamás Biró, Maxim Portnyagin, Balázs Kiss, Jean-Louis Paquette, et al.. Large-magnitude (VEI ≥ 7) `wet' explosive silicic eruption preserved a Lower Miocene habitat at the Ipolytarnóc Fossil Site, North Hungary. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 2022, 12, ⟨10.1038/s41598-022-13586-3⟩. ⟨insu-03825084⟩

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