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Respiratory loss during late-growing season determines the net carbon dioxide sink in northern permafrost regions

Abstract : Warming of northern high latitude regions (NHL, > 50 °N) has increased both photosynthesis and respiration which results in considerable uncertainty regarding the net carbon dioxide (CO2) balance of NHL ecosystems. Using estimates constrained from atmospheric observations from 1980 to 2017, we find that the increasing trends of net CO2 uptake in the early-growing season are of similar magnitude across the tree cover gradient in the NHL. However, the trend of respiratory CO2 loss during late-growing season increases significantly with increasing tree cover, offsetting a larger fraction of photosynthetic CO2 uptake, and thus resulting in a slower rate of increasing annual net CO2 uptake in areas with higher tree cover, especially in central and southern boreal forest regions. The magnitude of this seasonal compensation effect explains the difference in net CO2 uptake trends along the NHL vegetation- permafrost gradient. Such seasonal compensation dynamics are not captured by dynamic global vegetation models, which simulate weaker respiration control on carbon exchange during the late-growing season, and thus calls into question projections of increasing net CO2 uptake as high latitude ecosystems respond to warming climate conditions.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03824353
Contributor : Nathalie POTHIER Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, October 21, 2022 - 3:42:11 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, October 23, 2022 - 3:25:56 AM

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

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Zhihua Liu, John S. Kimball, Ashley P. Ballantyne, Nicholas C. Parazoo, Wen J. Wang, et al.. Respiratory loss during late-growing season determines the net carbon dioxide sink in northern permafrost regions. Nature Communications, 2022, 13, ⟨10.1038/s41467-022-33293-x⟩. ⟨insu-03824353⟩

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