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Peak metamorphic temperatures in the Alpine tectonic wedge, south Cottian Alps, Italy

Abstract : In the south Cottian Alps, the metamorphic wedge of the Western Alps is widely exposed. It includes, from SW to NE, the Briançonnais internal border (Acceglio units), the ophiolitic Schistes lustrés nappes (Piemonte- Liguria Ocean) and the southern Dora-Maira units derived from the Briançonnais s.l. basement (Michard et al., 2022, and references therein). Located between the Acceglio and Dora-Maira units, the Val Maira-Sampeyre and Val Grana Allochthons (MGA) consist of a Permo-Triassic to Mid Jurassic “Prepiemonte”-type sequence detached from the Briançonnais s.l. basement. The peak metamorphic grade of these tectonic complexes evolves from blueschist- to coesite-eclogite (Brossasco-Isasca unit of Dora-Maira). Here we report new peak temperatures by carrying the RSCM geothermometry approach (see Lahfid et al., 2019) on most of the south Cottian transect with emphasis on the MGA and on the intervening mélange shear zones. TRSCM values range from ~400°C to >500°C, going from the most external Val Grana unit and overlying Queyras schists to the uppermost Dora-Maira unit. We present a new metamorphic map and profiles based on published and new data, including our new thermometric data. We note an overall fit between our TRSCM results and those inferred from the mineral assemblages, where available. The thermal anomaly linked to the rifting evolution that gave birth to the Piemonte-Liguria Ocean was recognized in the poorly metamorphic Adriatic margin SE of the Periadriatic line (Beltrando et al., 2015), but cannot be evidenced in the studied Briançonnais-derived units due to their high metamorphic grade. Beltrando M., Stockli D.F., Decarlis A. & Manatschal G. (2015) - A crustal-scale view at rift localization along the fossil Adriatic margin of the Alpine Tethys preserved in NW Italy. Tectonics, 34, 1927-1951. Lahfid A., Baidder L., Ouanaimi H., Soulaimani A., Hoepffner C., Farah A., Saddiqi O. & Michard A. (2019) - From extension to compression: high geothermal gradient during the earliest Variscan phase of the Moroccan Meseta; a first structural and RSCM thermometric study. Eur. J. Mineral., 31, 695-713. Michard A., Schmid S.M., Lahfid A., Ballèvre M., Manzotti P., Chopin C., Iaccarino S. & Dana D. (2022) - The Maira- Sampeyre and Val Grana Allochthons (south Western Alps): review and new data on the tectonometamorphic evolution of the Briançonnais distal margin. Swiss J. Geosci. (in press).
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03788129
Contributor : Isabelle Dubigeon Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, September 26, 2022 - 11:49:18 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, October 15, 2022 - 3:32:21 AM

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  • HAL Id : insu-03788129, version 1

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Abdeltif Lahfid, A Michard, Christian Chopin, S.M. Schmidt, D. Dana, et al.. Peak metamorphic temperatures in the Alpine tectonic wedge, south Cottian Alps, Italy. CONGRESSO SGI-SIMP 2022, Società Geologica Italiana,, Sep 2022, Torino, Italy. pp.321. ⟨insu-03788129⟩

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