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Martian atmospheric thermal structure and dust distribution during the MY 34 global dust storm from ACS TIRVIM nadir observations

Abstract : The Thermal InfraRed channel (TIRVIM) of the Atmospheric Chemistry Suite (ACS) onboard ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter (TGO) has continuously monitored the Martian atmosphere from 13th of March 2018 until 2nd of December 2019, covering almost a complete Martian Year (MY). In the nadir mode of observations, infrared spectra obtained by TIRVIM in the spectral range 600–1300 cm-1 permit retrievals of vertical temperature profiles from the surface up to 60 km of altitude, surface temperatures and column aerosol optical depths. Here we report the retrieved atmospheric thermal structure and the column dust content during the global dust storm (GDS) of MY 34 monitored from Ls = 182.2° to 211.8° (Solar Longitude), capturing the evolution of the GDS and the response of the atmospheric thermal structure to the changing dust loading. The global storm caused asymmetric atmosphere heating, predominantly in the southern hemisphere, and changed diurnal contrast of atmospheric thermal structure. We also observe a reduced diurnal contrast of surface temperatures at the peak of the GDS.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03783105
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 21, 2022 - 7:09:22 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 23, 2022 - 4:52:57 AM

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Pavel Vlasov, Nikolay Ignatiev, Sandrine Guerlet, Davide Grassi, Oleg I. Korablev, et al.. Martian atmospheric thermal structure and dust distribution during the MY 34 global dust storm from ACS TIRVIM nadir observations. Journal of Geophysical Research. Planets, Wiley-Blackwell, 2022, e2022JE007272 (in press). ⟨10.1029/2022JE007272⟩. ⟨insu-03783105⟩

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