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Active Back-Arc Thrust in North West Java, Indonesia

Abstract : The Java Back-arc Thrust scars the entire back-arc area of Java Island, but the faults' nature, timing, and activity remain partly elusive. Characterizing the structure and activity of the seismogenic Java Back-arc Thrust (historical earthquakes up to 7 Mw) is a cornerstone to evaluate associated geohazards. We focus on the western part of Java Back-arc Thrust that reaches the megalopolis of Jakarta. We combine morphotectonic data, seismic reflection, electric resistivity profiles, kinematic, structural field measurements, paleoseismological trenching, and sediment dating (optically stimulated luminescence and 14C). Our results suggest that the interplay between the faults, volcanoes, and sedimentary basin modulates the propagation of the fault system across and along-strike. The West Java Back-arc Thrust has been active from Pliocene to Recent, but with a laterally variable tempo and tectonic regime. While tectonic activity was sustained for longer times in the eastern part, the West Java Back-arc Thrust broke through the Jakarta Basin in the west, possibly only since the Late Pleistocene, and partitions into a network of immature transpressive structures. We conclude that the West Java Back-arc Thrust has a high seismic hazard that requires a careful risk evaluation along its trace, as it threatens the numerous infrastructures of the densely populated West Java.
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Submitted on : Sunday, September 18, 2022 - 7:38:47 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 20, 2022 - 4:08:38 AM

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial 4.0 International License

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Sonny Aribowo, Laurent Husson, Danny H. Natawidjaja, Christine Authemayou, Mudrik R. Daryono, et al.. Active Back-Arc Thrust in North West Java, Indonesia. TECTONICS, 2022, 41, ⟨10.1029/2021TC007120⟩. ⟨insu-03779799⟩

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