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Primordial atmosphere incorporation in planetary embryos and the origin of Neon in terrestrial planets

Abstract : The presence of Neon in terrestrial planet mantles may be attributed to the implantation of solar wind in planetary precursors or to the dissolution of primordial solar gases captured from the accretionary disk into an early magma ocean. This is suggested by the Neon isotopic ratio similar to those of the Sun observed in the Earth mantle. Here, we evaluate the second hypothesis. We use general considerations of planetary accretion and atmospheric science. Using current models of terrestrial planet formation, we study the evolution of standard planetary embryos with masses in a range of 0.1-0.2 MEarth, where MEarth is the Earth's mass, in an annular region at distances between 0.5 and 1.5 Astronomical Units from the star. We determine the characteristics of atmospheres that can be captured by such embryos for a wide range of parameters and calculate the maximum amount of Neon that can be dissolved in the planet. Our calculations may be directly transposed to any other planet. However, we only know of the amount of Neon in the Earth's solid mantle. Thus we use Earth to discuss our results. We find that the amount of dissolved Neon is too small to account for the present-day Neon contents of the Earth's mantle, if the nebular gas disk completely disappears before the largest planetary embryos grow to be ∼0.2 MEarth. This leaves solar irradiation as the most likely source of Neon in terrestrial planets for the most standard case of planetary formation models.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, August 10, 2022 - 9:13:23 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 11, 2022 - 3:47:25 AM

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Etienne Jaupart, Sebatien Charnoz, Manuel Moreira. Primordial atmosphere incorporation in planetary embryos and the origin of Neon in terrestrial planets. Icarus, Elsevier, 2017, 293, pp.199-205. ⟨10.1016/j.icarus.2017.04.022⟩. ⟨insu-03748841⟩

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