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Resiliency of Silica Export Signatures When Low Order Streams Are Subject to Storm Events

Abstract : Silicon stable isotope ratios (δ30Si) of over 150 stream water samples were measured during seven storm events in six small critical zone observatory (CZO) catchments spanning a wide range in climate (sub-humid to wet, tropical) and lithology (granite, volcanic, and mixed sedimentary). Here we report a cross-site analysis of this dataset to gain insight into stream δ30Si variability across low-order catchments and to identify potential climate (i.e., runoff), hydrologic, lithologic, and biogeochemical controls on observed stream Si chemical and isotopic signatures. Event-based δ30Si exhibit variability both within and across sites (−0.22‰ to +2.27‰) on the scale of what is observed globally in both small catchments and large rivers. Notably, each site shows distinct δ30Si signatures that are preserved even after normalization for bedrock composition. Successful characterization of observed cross-site behavior requires the merging of two distinct frameworks in a novel combined model describing both non-uniform fluid transit time distributions and multiple fractionating pathways in application to low-order catchments. The combined model reveals that site-specific architecture (i.e., biogeochemical reaction pathways and hydrologic routing) regulates stream silicon export signatures even when subject to extreme precipitation events.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03748532
Contributor : Nathalie POTHIER Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, August 10, 2022 - 8:08:16 AM
Last modification on : Friday, October 21, 2022 - 3:34:06 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, November 11, 2022 - 6:16:06 PM

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

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N. M. Fernandez, J. Bouchez, L. A. Derry, J. Chorover, J. Gaillardet, et al.. Resiliency of Silica Export Signatures When Low Order Streams Are Subject to Storm Events. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 2022, 127, ⟨10.1029/2021JG006660⟩. ⟨insu-03748532⟩

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