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Observation of galactic cosmic ray spallation events from the SoHO mission 20-yr operation of LASCO

Abstract : A shower of secondary cosmic ray (CR) particles is produced at high altitudes in the Earth's atmosphere, so the primordial galactic cosmic rays (GCRs) are never directly measured outside the Earth magnetosphere and atmosphere. They approach the Earth and other planets in the complex pattern of rigidity's dependence, generally excluded by the magnetosphere. GCRs revealed by images of single nuclear reactions also called spallation events are described here. Such an event was seen on 2015 November 29 using a unique Large Angle and Spectrometric Coronagraphs C3 space coronagraph routine image taken during the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SoHO) mission observing uninterruptedly at the Lagrangian L1 point. The spallation signature of a GCR identified well outside the Earth's magnetosphere is obtained for the first time. The resulting image includes different diverging linear `tracks' of varying intensity, leading to a single pixel; this frame identifies the site on the silicon CCD chip of the coronagraph camera. There was no solar flare reported at that time, nor coronal mass ejection and no evidence of optical debris around the spacecraft. More examples of smaller CR events have been discovered through the 20 yr of continuous observations from SoHO. This is the first spallation event from a CR, recorded outside the Earth's magnetosphere. We evaluate the probable energy of these events suggesting a plausible galactic source.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03747689
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Submitted on : Monday, August 8, 2022 - 3:48:36 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 24, 2022 - 5:02:58 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, November 9, 2022 - 6:47:58 PM

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S. Koutchmy, E. Tavabi, O. Urtado. Observation of galactic cosmic ray spallation events from the SoHO mission 20-yr operation of LASCO. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2018, 478, pp.1265-1271. ⟨10.1093/mnras/sty1205⟩. ⟨insu-03747689⟩

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