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Near-infrared Spectra of a Sample of Galactic Unclassified B[e] Stars

Abstract : B[e] stars are surrounded by cool and dense circumstellar environments where molecules and dust are formed. These stars are rare and display complex spectra whose photospheric features are frequently veiled by their circumstellar envelopes, making it difficult to assign them spectral types and evolutionary phases. On the basis of a detailed analysis of medium-resolution spectra in the near-infrared region, together with optical observations and available data from astronomical databases, we attempt to improve their spectral classification and infer the properties of their circumstellar environments. To this aim, we have selected a group of five bright IRAS sources (IRAS 02155+6410, MWC 728, AS 119, MWC 819, and IRAS 07080+0605): one star with large infrared excess and four unclassified B[e] stars or FS CMa stars, most of which have been poorly studied. We present and describe our observations and discuss possible classifications of the sample objects. For all stars, medium-resolution spectra in the region of 2.17-2.39 μm and in the L band are shown for the first time. Infrared features, such as the absorption molecular CO bands and metallic lines, reveal the presence of a late-type companion in MWC 728, and suggest the possible binary nature in AS 119. IRAS 07080+0605 shows evidence of a surrounding cool CO molecular cloud. CS molecular emission may be present in MWC 819 L-band spectra. We suggest that this object is a protoplanetary nebulae.

Based on observations obtained at (1) the Gemini Observatory, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under a cooperative agreement with the NSF on behalf of the Gemini partnership: the National Science Foundation (United States), the National Research Council (Canada), CONICYT (Chile), the Australian Research Council (Australia), Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação (Brazil) and Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación Productiva (Argentina), under programs: GN-2010B-SV-157, GN-2012B-Q-101 and GN-2016A-Q-92 (PI: L. Cidale); (2) the Complejo Astronómico El Leoncito (CASLEO), operated under an agreement between the Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas de la República Argentina, the Secretaría de Ciencia y Tecnología de la Nación and the National Universities of La Plata, Córdoba and San Juan, Argentina; (3) the Perek 2m-telescope at Ondřejov Observatory, Czech Republic.

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Submitted on : Monday, August 8, 2022 - 3:32:09 PM
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María L. Arias, Lydia S. Cidale, Michaela Kraus, Andrea F. Torres, Yael Aidelman, et al.. Near-infrared Spectra of a Sample of Galactic Unclassified B[e] Stars. Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 2018, 130, pp.114201. ⟨10.1088/1538-3873/aadf23⟩. ⟨insu-03747677⟩



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