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Feedback by AGN Jets and Wide-angle Winds on a Galactic Scale

Abstract : To investigate the differences in mechanical feedback from radio-loud and radio-quiet active galactic nuclei on the host galaxy, we perform 3D AMR hydrodynamic simulations of wide-angle, radio-quiet winds with different inclinations on a single, massive, gas-rich disk galaxy at a redshift of 2-3. We compare our results to hydrodynamic simulations of the same galaxy but with a jet. The jet has an inclination of 0° (perpendicular to the galactic plane), and the winds have inclinations of 0°, 45°, and 90°. We analyze the impact on the host’s gas, star formation, and circumgalactic medium. We find that jet feedback is energy-driven and wind feedback is momentum-driven. In all the simulations, the jet or wind creates a cavity mostly devoid of dense gas in the nuclear region where star formation is then quenched, but we find strong positive feedback in all the simulations at radii greater than 3 kpc. All four simulations have similar SFRs and stellar velocities with large radial and vertical components. However, the wind at an inclination of 90° creates the highest density regions through ram pressure and generates the highest rates of star formation due to its ongoing strong interaction with the dense gas of the galactic plane. With increased wind inclination, we find greater asymmetry in gas distribution and resulting star formation. Our model generates an expanding ring of triggered star formation with typical velocities of the order of 1/3 of the circular velocity, superimposed on the older stellar population. This should result in a potentially detectable blue asymmetry in stellar absorption features at kiloparsec scales.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03747458
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Submitted on : Monday, August 8, 2022 - 11:36:58 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, August 9, 2022 - 3:45:02 AM

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Zachary Dugan, Volker Gaibler, Joseph Silk. Feedback by AGN Jets and Wide-angle Winds on a Galactic Scale. The Astrophysical Journal, 2017, 844, ⟨10.3847/1538-4357/aa7566⟩. ⟨insu-03747458⟩

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