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Journal Articles The Astrophysical Journal Year : 2017

The HDUV Survey: Six Lyman Continuum Emitter Candidates at z ∼ 2 Revealed by HST UV Imaging

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R. P. Naidu
  • Function : Author
P. A. Oesch
  • Function : Author
N. Reddy
  • Function : Author
B. Holden
  • Function : Author
C. C. Steidel
  • Function : Author
M. Montes
  • Function : Author
R. J. Bouwens
  • Function : Author
C. M. Carollo
  • Function : Author
A. Cibinel
  • Function : Author
G. D. Illingworth
  • Function : Author
I. Labbé
  • Function : Author
D. Magee
  • Function : Author
L. Morselli
  • Function : Author
E. J. Nelson
  • Function : Author
P. G. van Dokkum
  • Function : Author
S. Wilkins
  • Function : Author

Abstract

We present six galaxies at z∼ 2 that show evidence of Lyman continuum (LyC) emission based on the newly acquired UV imaging of the Hubble Deep UV legacy survey (HDUV) conducted with the WFC3/UVIS camera on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). At the redshift of these sources, the HDUV F275W images partially probe the ionizing continuum. By exploiting the HST multiwavelength data available in the HDUV/GOODS fields, models of the UV spectral energy distributions, and detailed Monte Carlo simulations of the intergalactic medium absorption, we estimate the absolute ionizing photon escape fractions of these galaxies to be very high—typically > 60 % (> 13 % for all sources at 90% likelihood). Our findings are in broad agreement with previous studies that found only a small fraction of galaxies with high escape fraction. These six galaxies compose the largest sample yet of LyC leaking candidates at z∼ 2 whose inferred LyC flux has been observed at HST resolution. While three of our six candidates show evidence of hosting an active galactic nucleus, two of these are heavily obscured and their LyC emission appears to originate from star-forming regions rather than the central nucleus. Extensive multiwavelength data in the GOODS fields, especially the near-IR grism spectra from the 3D-HST survey, enable us to study the candidates in detail and tentatively test some recently proposed indirect methods to probe LyC leakage. High-resolution spectroscopic follow-up of our candidates will help constrain such indirect methods, which are our only hope of studying f esc at z∼ 5-9 in the JWST era.

Based on observations made with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, obtained from the data archive at the Space Telescope Science Institute. STScI is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS 5-26555.

Dates and versions

insu-03747442 , version 1 (08-08-2022)

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R. P. Naidu, P. A. Oesch, N. Reddy, B. Holden, C. C. Steidel, et al.. The HDUV Survey: Six Lyman Continuum Emitter Candidates at z ∼ 2 Revealed by HST UV Imaging. The Astrophysical Journal, 2017, 847, ⟨10.3847/1538-4357/aa8863⟩. ⟨insu-03747442⟩
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