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A finer view of the conditional galaxy luminosity function and magnitude-gap statistics

Abstract : The gap between first- and second-ranked galaxy magnitudes in groups is often considered a tracer of their merger histories, which in turn may affect galaxy properties, and also serves to test galaxy luminosity functions (LFs). We remeasure the conditional luminosity function (CLF) of the Main Galaxy Sample of the SDSS in an appropriately cleaned subsample of groups from the Yang catalogue. We find that, at low group masses, our best-fitting CLF has steeper satellite high ends, yet higher ratios of characteristic satellite to central luminosities in comparison with the CLF of Yang et al. The observed fractions of groups with large and small magnitude gaps as well as the Tremaine & Richstone statistics are not compatible with either a single Schechter LF or with a Schechter-like satellite plus lognormal central LF. These gap statistics, which naturally depend on the size of the subsamples, and also on the maximum projected radius, Rmax, for defining the second brightest galaxy, can only be reproduced with two-component CLFs if we allow small gap groups to preferentially have two central galaxies, as expected when groups merge. Finally, we find that the trend of higher gap for higher group velocity dispersion, σv, at a given richness, discovered by Hearin et al., is strongly reduced when we consider σv in bins of richness, and virtually disappears when we use group mass instead of σv. This limits the applicability of gaps in refining cosmographic studies based on cluster counts.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03747430
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Submitted on : Monday, August 8, 2022 - 12:12:18 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 24, 2022 - 5:02:58 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, November 9, 2022 - 6:22:28 PM

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M. Trevisan, G. A. Mamon. A finer view of the conditional galaxy luminosity function and magnitude-gap statistics. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2017, 471, pp.2022-2038. ⟨10.1093/mnras/stx1656⟩. ⟨insu-03747430⟩

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