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Faraday tomography of LoTSS-DR2 data. I. Faraday moments in the high-latitude outer Galaxy and revealing Loop III in polarisation

Abstract : Context. Observations of synchrotron emission at low radio frequencies reveal a labyrinth of polarised Galactic structures. However, the explanation for the wealth of structures remains uncertain due to the complex interactions between the interstellar medium and the magnetic field. A multi-tracer approach to the analysis of large sky areas is needed.
Aims: This paper aims to use polarimetric images from the LOFAR Two metre Sky Survey to produce the biggest mosaic of polarised emission in the northern sky at low radio frequencies (150 MHz) to date. The large area this mosaic covers allows for detailed morphological and statistical studies of polarised structures in the high-latitude outer Galaxy, including the well-known Loop III region.
Methods: We produced a 3100 square degree Faraday tomographic cube using a rotation measure synthesis tool. We calculated the statistical moments of Faraday spectra and compared them with data sets at higher frequencies (1.4 GHz) and with a map of a rotation measure derived from extragalactic sources.
Results: The mosaic is dominated by polarised emission connected to Loop III. Additionally, the mosaic reveals an abundance of other morphological structures, mainly narrow and extended depolarisation canals, which are found to be ubiquitous.
Conclusions: We find a correlation between the map of an extragalactic rotation measure and the LoTSS first Faraday moment image. The ratio of the two deviates from a simple model of a Burn slab (Burn, B. J. 1966, MNRAS, 133, 67) along the line of sight, which highlights the high level of complexity in the magnetoionic medium that can be studied at these frequencies.

The movie associated to Appendix B is available at https://www.aanda.org and also at https://data.fulir.irb.hr/islandora/object/irb:106

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Submitted on : Thursday, August 4, 2022 - 2:26:47 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, August 6, 2022 - 3:43:23 AM

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Ana Erceg, Vibor Jelić, Marijke Haverkorn, Andrea Bracco, Timothy W. Shimwell, et al.. Faraday tomography of LoTSS-DR2 data. I. Faraday moments in the high-latitude outer Galaxy and revealing Loop III in polarisation. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2022, 663, ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/202142244⟩. ⟨insu-03745327⟩

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