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Journal Articles Physical Review Applied Year : 2021

Quantum Nondemolition Dispersive Readout of a Superconducting Artificial Atom Using Large Photon Numbers

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Abstract

Reading out the state of superconducting artificial atoms typically relies on dispersive coupling to a readout resonator. For a given system noise temperature, increasing the circulating photon number n ¯ in the resonator enables a shorter measurement time and is therefore expected to reduce readout errors caused by spontaneous atom transitions. However, increasing n ¯ is generally observed to also monotonously increase these transition rates. Here we present a fluxonium artificial atom in which, despite the fact that the measured transition rates show nonmonotonous fluctuations within a factor of 6, for photon numbers up to n ¯ ≈200 , the signal-to-noise ratio continuously improves with increasing n ¯ . Even without the use of a parametric amplifier, at n ¯ =74 , we achieve fidelities of 99% and 93% for feedback-assisted ground and excited state preparations, respectively. At higher n ¯ , leakage outside the qubit computational space can no longer be neglected and it limits the fidelity of quantum state preparation.
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insu-03744516 , version 1 (02-09-2022)

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Daria Gusenkova, Martin Spiecker, Richard Gebauer, Madita Willsch, Dennis Willsch, et al.. Quantum Nondemolition Dispersive Readout of a Superconducting Artificial Atom Using Large Photon Numbers. Physical Review Applied, 2021, 15 (6), pp.064030. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevApplied.15.064030⟩. ⟨insu-03744516⟩

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