Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Analysis of Nighttime Radiances Measured by VIIRS Satellite Sensor (NASA/NOAA) Over Coastal Waters at Seasonal and Daily Time Scales. Application to the Observation of River Discharges During Flooding Events

Malik Chami 1, * Zacharie Aoulad 2 Sébastien Migeon 3 Audrey Minghelli 4 
* Corresponding author
1 TROPO - LATMOS
LATMOS - Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux, Observations Spatiales
Abstract : The observation of coastal waters using satellite remote sensing is of primary importance to gain understanding on the complex processes occurring in those highly dynamical ecosystems. The analysis of ocean color data relies on the interaction between the incident sunlight daytime radiation that propagates within the ocean–atmosphere system and the suspended material (hydrosols and aerosols) present in each medium. The goal of this study is to examine how relevant nighttime radiances as measured by the panchromatic Day–Night Band (DNB) of the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) satellite sensor could be for the detection and monitoring of river plumes in turbid waters. The spatial and temporal variation of the nighttime radiance is studied over areas that are subjected to intense river flooding events, namely, the regions of the delta of Mekong (Vietnam) and the delta of Rhône (France), at seasonal and daily scales and for various magnitudes of the lunar illumination. The VIIRS observations show that the variations of the radiance are closely related to seasonality of the water turbidity; higher radiances are observed during the wet season as a result of the intense rainfalls. The seasonal cycle of the radiance is noticeable near the full moon phase for both areas, thus demonstrating the high sensitivity of VIIRS sensor radiometry for detecting ocean changes at night. It was also noted that the radiance seasonal cycle remains distinguishable for the Rhône area for a lunar illumination that could be far from the full moon condition, namely, for a fraction value F of the full moonlight of 40%. The impact of the adjacency effects induced by the diffuse glow of city lights on the nighttime radiance was examined at seasonal scale. Such an impact could be as high as 40% over water targets, thus suggesting that aquatic areas located sufficiently far from coastal cities should be preferentially used to properly observe water turbidity at night
Complete list of metadata

https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03741050
Contributor : Catherine Cardon Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Sunday, July 31, 2022 - 11:48:57 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 4, 2022 - 4:55:41 PM

Identifiers

Citation

Malik Chami, Zacharie Aoulad, Sébastien Migeon, Audrey Minghelli. Analysis of Nighttime Radiances Measured by VIIRS Satellite Sensor (NASA/NOAA) Over Coastal Waters at Seasonal and Daily Time Scales. Application to the Observation of River Discharges During Flooding Events. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2022, 60, pp.4208416. ⟨10.1109/TGRS.2022.3191462⟩. ⟨insu-03741050⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

0