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Estimating sediment transport diffusion coefficients from reconstructed rifted margin architecture: measurements in the Ogooué and Zambezi deltas

Abstract : Diffusion-based stratigraphic models are widely used to simulate sedimentary systems and margin deltas. Diffusion-based models assume that the topographic evolution primarily depends from its slope. Limited attention has however been given to the calibration of the transport coefficients. Here, we evaluate transport coefficient values from natural examples, the Ogooué and Zambezi rifted margin deltas over the last 5 to 12 Ma respectively. We developed a method to estimate transport coefficients based on high resolution seismic stratigraphy analysis of the stratigraphic architecture of these deltas. For each stratigraphic sequence, we calibrated the sand/shale ratios of the deposits, we restored their depositional slopes, we estimated their uncompacted accumulated volumes and we calculated the transport coefficient (Kd) from the sediment flux / slope ratio. Estimated values of Kd fall within one order of magnitude (x 0.1 km2/ka), a much narrower range than previously published values (x0.0001 to x100 km2/ka). We show that the diffusion approximation is optimal at 10 - 100 km scale and 0.5 - 1 Ma time resolution, independently of the stratigraphic context. We show that the diffusion assumption is appropriate for the formation of the clinoforms (mainly gravity driven). It is however not optimal for the shelf and distal domains where additional processes (e.g. wave, flood, hemipelagic, turbidites, oceanic current), not accounted for it the diffusion assumption, significantly impact sediment transport. We documented a significant increase of Kd values after 0.9 Ma, coeval of an increase in the amplitude of eustatic variations at this time indicating that the calibration of Kd from present day sedimentary systems might not be optimal for simulations of sedimentary systems before the last million years.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03736460
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Submitted on : Friday, July 22, 2022 - 2:13:12 PM
Last modification on : Monday, August 22, 2022 - 3:23:54 PM

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Brendan Simon, Cécile Robin, Delphine Rouby, Jean Braun, François Guillocheau. Estimating sediment transport diffusion coefficients from reconstructed rifted margin architecture: measurements in the Ogooué and Zambezi deltas. Basin Research, Wiley, In press, ⟨10.1111/bre.12696⟩. ⟨insu-03736460⟩

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