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Atmospheric radiative profiles during EUREC4A

Abstract : The couplings among clouds, convection, and circulation in trade-wind regimes remain a fundamental puzzle that limits our ability to constrain future climate change. Radiative heating plays an important role in these couplings. Here we calculate clear-sky radiative profiles from 2580 in situ soundings (1068 dropsondes and 1512 radiosondes) collected during the field campaign EUREC4A (Elucidating the role of clouds-circulation coupling in climate). EUREC4A took place in the downstream trades of the western tropical Atlantic in January-February 2020. We describe the method used to calculate these cloud-free, aerosol-free radiative profiles. We then present preliminary results sampling variability at multiple scales, from the variability across all soundings to groupings by diurnal cycle and mesoscale organization, as well as individual soundings associated with elevated moisture layers. We also perform an uncertainty assessment and find that the errors resulting from uncertainties in observed sounding profiles and ERA5 reanalysis employed as upper and lower boundary conditions are small. The present radiative profile data set can provide important additional details missing from calculations based on passive remote sensing and aid in understanding the interplay of radiative heating with dynamic and thermodynamic variability in the trades. The data set can also be used to investigate the role of low-level radiative cooling gradients in generating shallow circulations. All data are archived and freely available for public access on AERIS (Albright et al., 2020a, https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.25326/78).
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 28, 2022 - 2:29:18 PM
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Anna Lea Albright, Benjamin Fildier, Ludovic Touzé-Peiffer, Robert Pincus, Jessica Vial, et al.. Atmospheric radiative profiles during EUREC4A. Earth System Science Data, 2021, 13, pp.617-630. ⟨10.5194/essd-13-617-2021⟩. ⟨insu-03726960⟩

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