Projected changes in the mean and intra-seasonal variability of the Indian summer monsoon in the RegCM CORDEX-CORE simulations under higher warming conditions - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Climate Dynamics Year : 2021

Projected changes in the mean and intra-seasonal variability of the Indian summer monsoon in the RegCM CORDEX-CORE simulations under higher warming conditions

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Sushant Das
  • Function : Author
Soumik Ghosh
  • Function : Author
Pyarimohan Maharana
  • Function : Author
Shailendra Rai
  • Function : Author

Abstract

The present study employed the latest high-resolution regional climate model (RegCM4), driven by MPI-ESM-MR boundary conditions from the CORDEX-CORE South Asia framework to investigate the possible projected changes in the mean and intra-seasonal variability of the Indian summer monsoon (ISM) precipitation and their associated dynamics during near future (NF; 2041-2060) and far future (FF; 2080-2099) with respect to the historical period (1995-2014) under RCP8.5 scenario. Extensive evaluation analysis indicates that the RegCM4 is fairly able to simulate the spatial-temporal distribution of the observed mean and extreme precipitation, low-level jet, and intra-seasonal variability i.e. active and break composite patterns of the precipitation anomalies over India during the historical period. A substantial decline in the projected precipitation during ISM is estimated over central and northwest India in NF (about 10-30%) as well as in FF (upto 50%), which may be attributed to the weakening and northward shift of low-level winds. The occurrences as well as the intensity of the extreme precipitation events are expected to increase over India in the future. The precipitation during the projected active spells will escalate over the monsoon core region. This is supported by the decrease in sea level pressure over land, which favors the winds to transport more moisture from the adjoining seas for the formation of convective clouds, which is partly indicated through the decline in net surface longwave radiation. On the other hand, the precipitation intensity during the projected break spells is expected to further decrease in the future.
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Dates and versions

insu-03726936 , version 1 (19-07-2022)

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Namendra Kumar Shahi, Sushant Das, Soumik Ghosh, Pyarimohan Maharana, Shailendra Rai. Projected changes in the mean and intra-seasonal variability of the Indian summer monsoon in the RegCM CORDEX-CORE simulations under higher warming conditions. Climate Dynamics, 2021, 57, pp.1489-1506. ⟨10.1007/s00382-021-05771-3⟩. ⟨insu-03726936⟩
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