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Lagrangian eddy tracking reveals the Eratosthenes anticyclonic attractor in the eastern Levantine Basin

Abstract : Statistics of anticyclonic eddy activity and eddy trajectories in the Levantine Basin over the 2000-2018 period are analyzed using the DYNED-Atlas database, which links automated mesoscale eddy detection by the Angular Momentum Eddy Detection and Tracking Algorithm (AMEDA) algorithm to in situ oceanographic observations. This easternmost region of the Mediterranean Sea, delimited by the Levantine coast and Cyprus, has a complex eddying activity, which has not yet been fully characterized. In this paper, we use Lagrangian tracking to investigate the eddy fluxes and interactions between different subregions in this area. The anticyclonic structure above the Eratosthenes Seamount is identified as hosting an anticyclone attractor, constituted by a succession of long-lived anticyclones. It has a larger radius and is more persistent (staying in the same position for up to 4 years with successive merging events) than other eddies in this region. Quantification of anticyclone flux shows that anticyclones that drift towards the Eratosthenes Seamount are mainly formed along the Israeli coast or in a neighboring area west of the seamount. The southeastern Levantine area is isolated, with no anticyclone transfers to or from the western part of the basin, defining the effective attraction basin for the Eratosthenes anticyclone attractor. Co-localized in situ profiles inside eddies provide quantitative information on their subsurface physical anomaly signature, whose intensity can vary greatly with respect to the dynamical surface signature intensity. Despite interannual variability, the so-called Eratosthenes anticyclone attractor stores a larger amount of heat and salt than neighboring anticyclones, in a deeper subsurface anomaly that usually extends down to 500 m. This suggests that this attractor could concentrate heat and salt from this subbasin, which will impact the properties of intermediate water masses created there.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03726935
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 28, 2022 - 3:51:13 PM
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Alexandre Barboni, Ayah Lazar, Alexandre Stegner, Evangelos Moschos. Lagrangian eddy tracking reveals the Eratosthenes anticyclonic attractor in the eastern Levantine Basin. OCEAN SCIENCE, 2021, 17, pp.1231-1250. ⟨10.5194/os-17-1231-2021⟩. ⟨insu-03726935⟩

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