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Direct and latent effects of ocean acidification on the transition of a sea urchin from planktonic larva to benthic juvenile

Abstract : Ongoing ocean acidification is expected to affect marine organisms and ecosystems. While sea urchins can tolerate a wide range of pH, this comes at a high energetic cost, and early life stages are particularly vulnerable. Information on how ocean acidification affects transitions between life-history stages is scarce. We evaluated the direct and indirect effects of pH (pHT 8.0, 7.6 and 7.2) on the development and transition between life-history stages of the sea urchin Strongylocentrotusdroebachiensis, from fertilization to early juvenile. Continuous exposure to low pH negatively affected larval mortality and growth. At pH 7.2, formation of the rudiment (the primordial juvenile) was delayed by two days. Larvae raised at pH 8.0 and transferred to 7.2 after competency had mortality rates five to six times lower than those kept at 8.0, indicating that pH also has a direct effect on older, competent larvae. Latent effects were visible on the larvae raised at pH 7.6: they were more successful in settling (45% at day 40 post-fertilization) and metamorphosing (30%) than larvae raised at 8.0 (17 and 1% respectively). These direct and indirect effects of ocean acidification on settlement and metamorphosis have important implications for population survival.
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Submitted on : Friday, July 22, 2022 - 8:23:51 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 25, 2022 - 2:06:23 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, October 23, 2022 - 6:10:38 PM

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Narimane Dorey, Emanuela Butera, Nadjejda Espinel-Velasco, Sam Dupont. Direct and latent effects of ocean acidification on the transition of a sea urchin from planktonic larva to benthic juvenile. Scientific Reports, 2022, 12, ⟨10.1038/s41598-022-09537-7⟩. ⟨insu-03726903⟩

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