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Circumglobal Rossby wave patterns during boreal winter highlighted by space-time spectral analysis

Abstract : The classic partitioning between slow-moving, low-wavenumber planetary waves and fast-moving, high-wavenumber synoptic waves is systematically extended by means of a space-time spectral decomposition to characterize the day-to-day evolution of Rossby wave activity in the upper troposphere. This technique is employed to study the origin and the propagation of circumglobal Rossby wave patterns (CRWPs), amplified Rossby waves stretching across the Northern Hemisphere in the zonal direction and projecting primarily over few, dominant wavenumber-phase-speed harmonics. Principal component analysis of daily anomalies in spectral power allows for two CRWPs to emerge as leading variability modes in the spectral domain during boreal winter. These modes correspond to the baroclinic propagation of Rossby wave packets (RWPs) from the Pacific to the Atlantic storm track in a hemispheric flow configuration displaying enhanced meridional gradients of geopotential height over midlatitudes. The first CRWP is forced by tropical convection anomalies over the Indian Ocean and features the propagation of amplified RWPs over northern midlatitudes, while the second one propagates rapidly over latitudes between 35 and 55 N and appears to have extratropical origin. An anomalous equatorward propagation of Rossby waves from the Atlantic eddy-driven jet to the North African subtropical jet is observed for both CRWPs. The obtained results highlight the substantial contribution of propagating RWPs to CRWPs, hinting that the two features might have the same nature.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03726901
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Submitted on : Friday, July 22, 2022 - 8:38:24 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 24, 2022 - 3:22:55 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, October 23, 2022 - 6:11:42 PM

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Jacopo Riboldi, Efi Rousi, Fabio d'Andrea, Gwendal Rivière, François Lott. Circumglobal Rossby wave patterns during boreal winter highlighted by space-time spectral analysis. Weather and Climate Dynamics, 2022, 3, pp.449-469. ⟨10.5194/wcd-3-449-2022⟩. ⟨insu-03726901⟩

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