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Variational inverse modeling within the Community Inversion Framework v1.1 to assimilate δ13C(CH4) and CH4: a case study with model LMDz-SACS

Abstract : Atmospheric CH4 mole fractions resumed their increase in 2007 after a plateau during the 1999-2006 period, indicating relative changes in the sources and sinks. Estimating sources by exploiting observations within an inverse modeling framework (top-down approaches) is a powerful approach. It is, nevertheless, challenging to efficiently differentiate co-located emission categories and sinks by using CH4 observations alone. As a result, top-down approaches are limited when it comes to fully understanding CH4 burden changes and attributing these changes to specific source variations. δ13C(CH4)source isotopic signatures of CH4 sources differ between emission categories (biogenic, thermogenic, and pyrogenic) and can therefore be used to address this limitation. Here, a new 3-D variational inverse modeling framework designed to assimilate δ13C(CH4) observations together with CH4 observations is presented. This system is capable of optimizing both the emissions and the associated source signatures of multiple emission categories at the pixel scale. To our knowledge, this represents the first attempt to carry out variational inversion assimilating δ13C(CH4) with a 3-D chemistry transport model (CTM) and to independently optimize isotopic source signatures of multiple emission categories. We present the technical implementation of joint CH4 and δ13C(CH4) constraints in a variational system and analyze how sensitive the system is to the setup controlling the optimization using the LMDz-SACS 3-D CTM. We find that assimilating δ13C(CH4) observations and allowing the system to adjust isotopic source signatures provide relatively large differences in global flux estimates for wetlands (-5.7 Tg CH4 yr-1), agriculture and waste (-6.4 Tg CH4 yr-1), fossil fuels (+8.6 Tg CH4 yr-1) and biofuels-biomass burning (+3.2 Tg CH4 yr-1) categories compared to the results inferred without assimilating δ13C(CH4) observations. More importantly, when assimilating both CH4 and δ13C(CH4) observations, but assuming that the source signatures are perfectly known, these differences increase by a factor of 3-4, strengthening the importance of having as accurate signature estimates as possible. Initial conditions, uncertainties in δ13C(CH4) observations, or the number of optimized categories have a much smaller impact (less than 2 Tg CH4 yr-1).
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03721924
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 13, 2022 - 8:46:10 AM
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Joël Thanwerdas, Marielle Saunois, Antoine Berchet, Isabelle Pison, Bruce H. Vaughn, et al.. Variational inverse modeling within the Community Inversion Framework v1.1 to assimilate δ13C(CH4) and CH4: a case study with model LMDz-SACS. Geoscientific Model Development, European Geosciences Union, 2022, 15, pp.4831-4851. ⟨10.5194/gmd-15-4831-2022⟩. ⟨insu-03721924⟩

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