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Des premiers travaux de Le Verrier à la découverte de Neptune

Abstract : Urbain-Jean-Joseph Le Verrier was born in Saint-Lô on March 11, 1811. He entered the "École polytechnique" in 1831, from which he was to emerge eighth of his class two years later. After first devoting himself to chemistry, in 1836 he obtained a position as an astronomy assistant at the "École polytechnique". This choice will decide his future career, which culminates with the discovery of Neptune in 1846. Le Verrier wrote more than 200 contributions to the Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences. These contributions are very varied: some original articles, but also reports on publications published elsewhere, sometimes even simple notes of a single page. The whole set gives a very vivid vision of the development of the science of the 19th century. At that time, the Comptes rendus are really a reflection of the debates of the sessions of the Academy. They are published very quickly, and leave a large freedom of speech to the authors. They are therefore a snapshot of the sometimes lively polemics that animated the sessions of the French Academy of Sciences. In this limited essay, we will mainly look at the first years of the career of Le Verrier until the discovery of Neptune.
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Submitted on : Sunday, July 10, 2022 - 11:25:35 AM
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Jacques Laskar. Des premiers travaux de Le Verrier à la découverte de Neptune. Comptes rendus - Physique, 2017, 18, pp.504-519. ⟨10.1016/j.crhy.2017.10.011⟩. ⟨insu-03718952⟩

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