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Rate coefficients and kinetic isotope effects of the abstraction reaction of H atoms from methylsilane

Abstract : Thermal rate constants for chemical reactions using improved canonical variational transition state theory (ICVT) with small-curvature tunnelling (SCT) contributions in a temperature range 180-2000 K are reported. The general procedure is used with high-quality ab initio computations and semi-classical reaction probabilities along the minimum energy path (MEP). The approach is based on a vibrational adiabatic reaction path and is applied to the multiple-channel hydrogen abstraction reaction H + SiH3CH3 → products and its isotopically substituted variants. All the degrees of freedom are optimised and harmonic vibrational frequencies and zero-point energies are calculated at the MP2 level with the cc-pVTZ basis set. Single-point energies are calculated at a higher level of theory; CCSD(T)-F12a/VTZ-F12. ICVT/SCT rate constants show that the quantum tunnelling contributions at low temperatures are relatively important and the H-abstraction channel from SiH3 group of SiH3CH3 is the major pathway. The total rate constants are given by the following expression: ktot(ICVT/SCT) = 2.29 10-18 T2.42 exp(-350.9/T) cm3 molec-1 s-1. These calculated rates are in agreement with the available experiments. The ICVT/SCT method is further exploited to predict primary and secondary kinetic isotope effects, respectively).
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Submitted on : Sunday, July 10, 2022 - 10:45:38 AM
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Ichraf Oueslati, Mariem Hechmi, Emna Jebari, Karim Baccari, Boutheïna Kerkeni. Rate coefficients and kinetic isotope effects of the abstraction reaction of H atoms from methylsilane. Molecular Physics, 2016, 114, pp.3396-3406. ⟨10.1080/00268976.2016.1234076⟩. ⟨insu-03718941⟩



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