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Deep learning for galaxy surface brightness profile fitting

Abstract : Numerous ongoing and future large area surveys (e.g. Dark Energy Survey, EUCLID, Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, Wide Field Infrared Survey Telescope) will increase by several orders of magnitude the volume of data that can be exploited for galaxy morphology studies. The full potential of these surveys can be unlocked only with the development of automated, fast, and reliable analysis methods. In this paper, we present DeepLeGATo, a new method for 2-D photometric galaxy profile modelling, based on convolutional neural networks. Our code is trained and validated on analytic profiles (HST/CANDELS F160W filter) and it is able to retrieve the full set of parameters of one-component Sérsic models: total magnitude, effective radius, Sérsic index, and axis ratio. We show detailed comparisons between our code and GALFIT. On simulated data, our method is more accurate than GALFIT and ∼3000 time faster on GPU (∼50 times when running on the same CPU). On real data, DeepLeGATo trained on simulations behaves similarly to GALFIT on isolated galaxies. With a fast domain adaptation step made with the 0.1-0.8 per cent the size of the training set, our code is easily capable to reproduce the results obtained with GALFIT even on crowded regions. DeepLeGATo does not require any human intervention beyond the training step, rendering it much automated than traditional profiling methods. The development of this method for more complex models (two-component galaxies, variable point spread function, dense sky regions) could constitute a fundamental tool in the era of big data in astronomy.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03718938
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Submitted on : Sunday, July 10, 2022 - 10:54:21 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 11:55:18 AM

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D. Tuccillo, M. Huertas-Company, E. Decencière, S. Velasco-Forero, H. Domínguez Sánchez, et al.. Deep learning for galaxy surface brightness profile fitting. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2018, 475, pp.894-909. ⟨10.1093/mnras/stx3186⟩. ⟨insu-03718938⟩

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