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Probing GLIMPSE Extended Green Objects (EGOs) with hydroxyl masers

Abstract : We present a study of 18 cm OH maser emission toward 20 high-mass young stellar object outflow candidates (Extended Green Objects, EGOs) identified from the Spitzer Galactic Legacy Infrared Mid-Plane Survey Extraordinaire (GLIMPSE). All four OH ground state lines at 1612, 1665, 1667, and 1720 MHz, together with 20-cm continuum emission, were observed with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array C-configuration. Follow-up polarimetric single-dish observations with the Nançay radio telescope were performed for the same OH transitions, except 1612 MHz. OH maser emission is found to be an uncommon feature of the sample, with a 50 per cent detection rate for the entire sample and a ∼44 per cent detection rate for the 'likely' EGOs. No 20-cm continuum emission is detected toward any of the sources. In most cases, the detected OH maser emission arises in vicinity to compact central sources; OH masers coexist with the 6.7 GHz methanol masers, but are found in more diffuse and extended halo-shaped regions of several thousand astronomical units in size. Comparing EGO samples with OH maser detection and non-detection, EGOs showing OH maser emission tend to have lower dust clump masses, but higher 24 and 4.5 μm flux densities. Thus, OH maser emission might be an indicator of more evolved EGOs, since strong compact mid-infrared emission in the absence of compact radio continuum emission is thought to be associated with the later stage of massive star formation.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03715003
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 6, 2022 - 10:01:28 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 12:00:57 PM

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O. S. Bayandina, P. Colom, S. E. Kurtz, N. N. Shakhvorostova, I. E. Val'Tts. Probing GLIMPSE Extended Green Objects (EGOs) with hydroxyl masers. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2020, 499, pp.3961-3975. ⟨10.1093/mnras/staa2885⟩. ⟨insu-03715003⟩

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