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Filament Eruption Driving EUV Loop Contraction and Then Expansion above a Stable Filament

Abstract : We analyze the observations of EUV loop evolution associated with the filament eruption located at the border of an active region (AR). The event SOL2013-03-16T14:00 was observed with a large difference in view point by the Solar Dynamics Observatory and Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory. The filament height is fitted with the sum of a linear and exponential function. These two phases point to different physical mechanisms such as tether-cutting reconnection and a magnetic instability. While no X-ray emission is reported, this event presents classical eruption features like separation of double ribbons and the growth of flare loops. We report the migration of the southern foot of the erupting filament flux rope due to the interchange reconnection with encountered magnetic loops of a neighboring AR. Parallel to the erupting filament, a stable filament remains in the core of the AR. The specificity of this eruption is that coronal loops, located above the nearly joining ends of the two filaments, first contract in phase, then expand and reach a new stable configuration close to the one present at the eruption onset. Both contraction and expansion phases last around 20 minutes. The main difference with previous cases is that the PIL bent about 180° around the end of the erupting filament because the magnetic configuration is at least tripolar. These observations are challenging for models that interpreted previous cases of loop contraction within a bipolar configuration. New simulations are required to broaden the complexity of the configurations studied.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 5, 2022 - 8:07:16 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 12:00:56 PM

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Ramesh Chandra, Pascal Démoulin, Pooja Devi, Reetika Joshi, Brigitte Schmieder. Filament Eruption Driving EUV Loop Contraction and Then Expansion above a Stable Filament. The Astrophysical Journal, 2021, 922, ⟨10.3847/1538-4357/ac2837⟩. ⟨insu-03713738⟩

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