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The magnetic fields and stellar winds of the mature late F-stars: β Virginis and θ Draconis

Abstract : Mapping the large-scale magnetic field in late F-type stars is important for understanding the nature of the stellar dynamo and the dynamics of thin outer convection zones. We use Zeeman Doppler Imaging to produce multi-epoch maps of the surface magnetic field for two mature late F-type stars: β Virginis (F9V) and θ Draconis (F8IV). We also provide a magnetohydrodynamic model for the stellar winds from the corona to the inner astrosphere, which exists in an environment at the hot end of habitability for exoplanets. Our results show that either simple or complex dynamo magnetic fields are present in mature late F-type stars, with shallow outer convection zones. The results of stellar wind modelling show the average space weather for β Vir at a distance of 1 au falls within the range of space weather conditions observed at Earth, while θ Dra produces a wind pressure an order of magnitude stronger than the Sun's wind pressure.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03713336
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Submitted on : Monday, July 4, 2022 - 3:38:32 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 12:00:56 PM

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J. M. Seach, S. C. Marsden, B. D. Carter, D. Evensberget, C. P. Folsom, et al.. The magnetic fields and stellar winds of the mature late F-stars: β Virginis and θ Draconis. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2022, 509, pp.5117-5141. ⟨10.1093/mnras/stab3289⟩. ⟨insu-03713336⟩

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