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Classifying Be Star Variability With TESS. I. The Southern Ecliptic

Abstract : TESS photometry is analyzed for 430 classical Be stars observed in the first year of the mission. The often complex and diverse variability of each object in this sample is classified to obtain an understanding of the behavior of this class as a population. Ninety-seven percent of the systems are variable above the noise level, with timescales spanning nearly the entire range of what is accessible with TESS, from tens of minutes to tens of days. The variability seen with TESS is summarized as follows. Nearly every system contains multiple periodic signals in the frequency regime between about 0.5 and 4 day-1. One or more groups of closely spaced frequencies is the most common feature, present in 87% of the sample. Among the Be stars with brightening events that are characteristic of mass ejection episodes (18% of the full sample, or 31% of early-type stars), all have at least one frequency group, and the majority of these (83%) show a concurrent temporary amplitude enhancement in one or more frequency groups. About one-third (34%) of the sample is dominated by longer-term trends (timescales >2 day). Low-frequency stochastic signals are prominent in about 25% of the sample, with varying degrees of intensity. Higher-frequency signals (6 < f < 15 day-1) are sometimes seen (in 15% of the sample) and in most cases likely reflect p-mode pulsation. In rare cases (~3%), even higher frequencies beyond the traditional p-mode regime (f > 15 day-1) are observed.
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Submitted on : Monday, July 4, 2022 - 4:21:19 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 12:00:56 PM

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Jonathan Labadie-Bartz, Alex C. Carciofi, Tajan Henrique de Amorim, Amanda Rubio, André Luiz Figueiredo, et al.. Classifying Be Star Variability With TESS. I. The Southern Ecliptic. The Astronomical Journal, 2022, 163, ⟨10.3847/1538-3881/ac5abd⟩. ⟨insu-03713324⟩

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