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Probing the primordial Universe with 21 cm line from cosmic dawn/epoch of reionization

Abstract : In the most distant reaches of the Universe, the 21 cm hyperfine transition in neutral hydrogen provides one of the only available tracers of large-scale structure. A number of instruments have been working or are planned to measure the 21 cm line signals, and in particular, the Experiment to Detect the Global EoR Signature (EDGES) has recently reported the first detection of an absorption signal, which corresponds to the 21 cm line global signal at the epoch of reionization (EoR). The future large radio telescope, the Square Kilometre Array (SKA) will be able to deliver the high-precision measurement of the 21 cm line emission/absorption signals. In this paper, we review the current status for the 21 cm line global and fluctuation signals from EoR to the dark ages, and then summarize the recent studies of how we probe the primordial Universe particularly motivated by the recent EDGES result and future observations by SKA. We focus on two applications for constraining cosmology with the EDGES result: constraints on the primordial magnetic fields and those on the primordial power spectrum. We also discuss the potential of future SKA for probing the inflationary Universe, by discussing expected constraints on the primordial power spectrum, its adiabaticity, and primordial non-Gaussianities from future observations of 21 cm fluctuations.
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Submitted on : Monday, July 4, 2022 - 3:03:23 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 11:57:59 AM

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Teppei Minoda, Shohei Saga, Tomo Takahashi, Hiroyuki Tashiro, Daisuke Yamauchi, et al.. Probing the primordial Universe with 21 cm line from cosmic dawn/epoch of reionization. Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, 2022, ⟨10.1093/pasj/psac015⟩. ⟨insu-03713229⟩

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