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HI observations of the MATLAS dwarf and ultra-diffuse galaxies

Abstract : The presence of HI gas in galaxies is inextricably linked to their morphology and evolution. This paper aims to understand the HI content of the already identified 2210 dwarfs located in the low-to-moderate density environments of the Mass Assembly of early-Type GaLAxies with their fine Structures (MATLAS) deep imaging survey. We combined the HI observations from the ATLAS3D survey, with the extragalactic HI sources from the Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA survey, to extract the HI line width, velocity, and mass of the MATLAS dwarfs. From the 1773 dwarfs in our sample with available HI observations, 8% (145) have an HI line detection. The majority of the dwarfs show an irregular morphology, while 29% (42) are ellipticals, which is the largest sample of HI-bearing dwarf ellipticals (dEs) to date. Of the HI dwarf sample, 2% (three) are ultra-diffuse galaxies (UDGs), 12% have a transition-type morphology, 5% are tidal dwarf candidates, and 10% appear to be disrupted objects. In our optically selected sample, 9.5% of the dEs, 7% of the UDGs, and 10% of the classical dwarfs are HI-bearing. The HI-bearing dwarfs have, on average, bluer colors than the dwarfs without detected HI. We find relations between the stellar and HI masses, gas fraction, color, and absolute magnitude to be consistent with previous studies of dwarfs probing similar masses and environments. For 79% of the dwarfs identified as satellites of massive early-type galaxies, we find that the HI mass increases with the projected distance to the host. Using the HI line width, we estimate dynamical masses and find that 5% (seven) of the dwarfs are dark matter deficient.

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Contributor : Nathalie POTHIER Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, July 1, 2022 - 3:24:21 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 3:37:49 PM


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Mélina Poulain, Francine R. Marleau, Rebecca Habas, Pierre-Alain Duc, Rubén Sánchez-Janssen, et al.. HI observations of the MATLAS dwarf and ultra-diffuse galaxies. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2022, 659, ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/202142012⟩. ⟨insu-03711535⟩