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The nature and likely redshift of GLEAM J0917-0012

Abstract : We previously reported a putative detection of a radio galaxy at $z=10.15$ , selected from the GaLactic and Extragalactic All-sky Murchison Widefield Array (GLEAM) survey. The redshift of this source, GLEAM J0917-0012, was based on three weakly detected molecular emission lines observed with the Atacama Large Millimetre Array (ALMA). In order to confirm this result, we conducted deep spectroscopic follow-up observations with ALMA and the Karl Jansky Very Large Array (VLA). The ALMA observations targeted the same CO lines previously reported in Band 3 (84-115 GHz) and the VLA targeted the CO(4-3) and [CI(1-0)] lines for an independent confirmation in Q-band (41 and 44 GHz). Neither observation detected any emission lines, removing support for our original interpretation. Adding publicly available optical data from the Hyper Suprime-Cam survey, Widefield Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE), and Herschel Space Observatory in the infrared, as well as $<$ 10 GHz polarisation and 162 MHz inter-planetary scintillation observations, we model the physical and observational characteristics of GLEAM J0917-0012 as a function of redshift. Comparing these predictions and observational relations to the data, we are able to constrain its nature and distance. We argue that if GLEAM J0917-0012 is at $z<3,$ then it has an extremely unusual nature, and that the more likely solution is that the source lies above $z=7$.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03711492
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Submitted on : Friday, July 1, 2022 - 1:56:25 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, September 24, 2022 - 12:02:05 PM

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Guillaume Drouart, Nick Seymour, Jess W. Broderick, José Afonso, Rajan Chhetri, et al.. The nature and likely redshift of GLEAM J0917-0012. Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia, 2021, 38, ⟨10.1017/pasa.2021.35⟩. ⟨insu-03711492⟩

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