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ALMA Observation of NGC 5135: The Circumnuclear CO (6-5) and Dust Continuum Emission at 45 pc Resolution

Abstract : We present high-resolution (0.″17 × 0.″14) Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) observations of the CO (6-5) line and 435 μm dust continuum emission within a ∼9″ × 9″ area centered on the nucleus of the galaxy NGC 5135. NGC 5135 is a well-studied luminous infrared galaxy that also harbors a Compton-thick active galactic nucleus (AGN). At the achieved resolution of 48 × 40 pc, the CO (6-5) and dust emissions are resolved into gas “clumps” along the symmetrical dust lanes associated with the inner stellar bar. The clumps have radii in the range of ∼45-180 pc and CO (6-5) line widths of ∼60-88 {km} {{{s}}}-1. The CO (6-5) to dust continuum flux ratios vary among the clumps and show an increasing trend with the [Fe II]/Brγ ratios, which we interpret as evidence for supernova-driven shocked gas providing a significant contribution to the CO (6-5) emission. The central AGN is undetected in continuum, nor is it detected in CO (6-5) if its line velocity width is no less than ∼ 40 {km} {{{s}}}-1. We estimate that the AGN contributes at most 1% of the integrated CO (6-5) flux of 512 ± 24 Jy {km} {{{s}}}-1 within the ALMA field of view, which in turn accounts for ∼32% of the CO (6-5) flux of the whole galaxy.

The National Radio Astronomy Observatory is a facility of the National Science Foundation operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc.

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Submitted on : Friday, July 1, 2022 - 11:23:10 AM
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Tianwen Cao, Nanyao Lu, C. Kevin Xu, Yinghe Zhao, Venu Madhav Kalari, et al.. ALMA Observation of NGC 5135: The Circumnuclear CO (6-5) and Dust Continuum Emission at 45 pc Resolution. The Astrophysical Journal, 2018, 866, ⟨10.3847/1538-4357/aae1f4⟩. ⟨insu-03711211⟩



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