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ALMA [N II] 205 μm Imaging Spectroscopy of the Interacting Galaxy System BRI 1202-0725 at Redshift 4.7

Abstract : We present the results from Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array imaging in the [N II] 205μm fine-structure line (hereafter [N II]) and the underlying continuum of BRI 1202-0725, an interacting galaxy system at z = 4.7, consisting of a quasi-stellar object (QSO), a submillimeter galaxy (SMG), and two Lyα emitters, all within ∼25 kpc of the QSO. We detect the QSO and SMG in both [N II] and continuum. At the ∼1″ (or 6.6 kpc) resolution, both the QSO and SMG are resolved in [N II], with the de-convolved major axes of ∼9 and ∼14 kpc, respectively. In contrast, their continuum emissions are much more compact and unresolved even at an enhanced resolution of ∼0.″7. The ratio of the [N II] flux to the existing CO(7-6) flux is used to constrain the dust temperature (T dust) for a more accurate determination of the FIR luminosity L FIR. Our best estimated T dust equals 43 (±2) K for both galaxies (assuming an emissivity index β = 1.8). The resulting L CO(7-6)/L FIR ratios are statistically consistent with that of local luminous infrared galaxies, confirming that L CO(7-6) traces the star formation (SF) rate (SFR) in these galaxies. We estimate that the ongoing SF of the QSO (SMG) has an SFR of 5.1 (6.9) × 103 M yr-1 (±30%) assuming Chabrier initial mass function, takes place within a diameter (at half maximum) of 1.3 (1.5) kpc, and will consume the existing 5 (5) × 1011 M of molecular gas in 10 (7) × 107 years.

The National Radio Astronomy Observatory is a facility of the National Science Foundation operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc.

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Submitted on : Thursday, June 30, 2022 - 5:43:51 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 1, 2022 - 3:40:20 AM

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Nanyao Lu, Yinghe Zhao, Tanio Díaz-Santos, C. Kevin Xu, Vassilis Charmandaris, et al.. ALMA [N II] 205 μm Imaging Spectroscopy of the Interacting Galaxy System BRI 1202-0725 at Redshift 4.7. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 2017, 842, ⟨10.3847/2041-8213/aa77fc⟩. ⟨insu-03710621⟩



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